About Aimil Healthcare
Alopecia is a generalized term used to explain hair loss from the scalp or any body part. Hair loss is a symptom of more than 30 diseases, including polycystic ovary syndrome, ringworm on your scalp, thyroid disorders, and autoimmune.
The most common types include-
- Male or female patterns baldness- Hair loss from the scalp causing baldness
- Telogen effluvium- A condition in which hair falls out as a result of a stressful condition
- Anagen effluvium- An abnormal loss of hair during the first phase of the hair growth cycle.
Alopecia areata is a patchy hair loss that occurs when the immune system attacks hair follicles and may be brought on by severe stress. It can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, or race.
It is a non-contagious scalp condition in which scalp skin appears red, dry, and itchy. Dandruff is a type of seborrheic dermatitis which commonly faced by everyone.
Tinea capitis (Ringworm of the Scalp)
Ringworm of the scalp (tinea capitis) is a rash caused by a fungal infection. It usually causes itchy, scaly patches on the head. Ringworm gets its name because of its circular appearance. No worm is involved.
Common Hair Loss (Alopecia)
- Gradual thinning on the top of the head.
- Circular or patchy bald spots.
- Sudden loosening of hair
- Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp
- Full body hair loss.
Causes of hair loss are hormonal changes, Aging, Heredity, Medical treatment like- Chemotherapy, use of harmful chemicals on hair, and nutritional deficiency.
- Heavy hair falls in a short time.
- Fingernails and toenails become red, brittle, and pitted.
- Patches may get larger and grow together into a bald spot
- Bald patches of skin are smooth, with no rash or redness.
It is an autoimmune disorder, which means the hair damage occurs by the immune system itself. If someone has an autoimmune disease like Asthma, Thyroid, and Vitiligo, then the chances of alopecia areata are higher in them.
- Skin flakes (dandruff) on your scalp, hair, eyebrows, beard, or mustache
- Flaky patches on your chest and at your hairline that are shaped like a flower petal or a ring.
- Crusty yellow scales on infants’ heads (cradle cap).
- Blepharitis (scaly redness on the edges of your eyelids).
Common causes of Seborrheic Dermatitis have increased levels of androgens, increased levels of skin lipids, Family history, and some factors that may trigger this condition: cold and dry climate, stress, and alcohol-based lotions.
- Common symptoms are small red bumps.
- Bulging patch on the skin filled with yellow pus on the scalp and scaling.
- Hair loss in localized areas with itching.
Ringworm scalp is caused by a common fungal infection. This fungus attacks the outer layer of the scalp, skin, and hair. The fungal infection can be spread from human to human, animal to human, and object to human.
This condition is more prevalent among children, so school-going children are more prone to these infections.
Hair Loss (Alopecia)
A physician may ask about the medical history, family history, and physical examination and discuss the patient’s regular products; the physician may ask for advanced hair tests.
A physician may ask about the medical history and diagnose the Alopecia areata by physical examination of the scalp or affected area and may ask for the scalp biopsy test to find out the actual cause of the disorder; the cause may be a fungal infection of Tinea capitis or by any other microbe.
This condition is diagnosed early by physical examination of the affected area; until the physician’s recommendation, no further test required.
A physician may easily diagnose Ringworm Scalp by physically examining the affected area or asking about the medical history. To get an idea about the specific fungal infection, a physician may ask to test the hair or scalp in advance laboratories.
Treatment of Hair Loss (Alopecia)
At Aimil Healthcare and Research Center, physicians closely analyze patients’ medical histories. The choice of treatment is depending on the cause of hair fall investigated. If the cause is related to lifestyle practices, then the physician may advise lifestyle modifications. And if the hair fall has been suspected regarding other than lifestyle disorder, then a physician may prescribe polyherbal formulations for hair fall therapy.
Treatment of this hair problem can be done after the proper investigation of this condition by the physician. Looking at the type or severity of hair loss, physicians at AHRC also give specified ayurvedic treatments like leech therapy, Rakta Mokshan, etc., to improve the blood circulation and nutrient supply in a particular area of baldness.
Treatment of Seborrheic Dermatitis
For the management of Seborrheic Dermatitis, a physician may prescribe some polyherbal formulation or herbal shampoo with some healthy physical activity and dietary recommendations.
Management of Ringworm Scalp can be done by suggesting some healthy regimen by Ayurveda physician at AHRC and prescribing some herbal decoctions to keep the scalp infection free.
Physical Activity for Hair Loss (Alopecia)
- Regular exercise is recommended for hair loss management, it can increase blood circulation, which leads to more nutrition reaching the scalp.
- Cardiovascular exercise is recommended in hair fall conditions.
Physical Activity for Alopecia areata
- Regular Exercise is recommended to improve the blood circulation in the body and affected area.
- Avoid sedentary lifestyle practices.
Physical Activity for Seborrheic Dermatitis
- Avoid the use of heavy chemical products for covering inflamed patches.
- Mild, non-oily skin care products should be used.
- Sunlight and fresh air exposure should be done to reduce the symptoms.
Physical Activity for Ringworm Scalp
- Always keep the skin dry.
- Personal hygiene should be maintained.
- Regular Disinfecting hair tools.
Dietary Advice for Hair Loss (Alopecia)
- Fruits are advice that is rich in Vitamin C and antioxidants like- Apricots, Berries, Grapes, Walnuts, and Flax seeds.
- Eggs should be used in the diet due to eggs are rich in vitamins, minerals, and multi-nutrients.
- Fatty fish should be eaten, which are rich in omega 3s and Vitamin D.
- Green leafy vegetables should be regularly eaten to avoid Hair fall.
Dietary Advice for Alopecia areata
- Antioxidants-rich food should be included in the diet; this food helps build up an excellent immune system, including apples, Berries, apricots, and green vegetables.
- Eat biotin or Vitamin B7-rich food like Carrots, bananas, and tomatoes.
- Eat a zinc-rich diet like avocadoes, beans, and cashews.
- Avoid Alcohol, Raw Egg white, Excess sugar, Diet soda, and Junk Food.
Dietary Advice for Seborrheic Dermatitis
- Eat plenty of green vegetables.
- Eat Antioxidant-rich fruits like cherries, strawberries, and blueberries.
- Eat food rich in vitamin E like Almonds, wheat germ, and avocadoes.
- Avoid Junk Food.
Dietary Advice for Ringworm Scalp
- Eat green vegetables, and food rich in Omega3
- Drink plenty of water.
- Avoid Junk food.